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Pinus peuce (Macedonian pine)




Pine Tree (Pinaceae)

General Description

Tree height 20-30 m. Foliage : closely as pyramidal. The branches are close, usually thick to the ground. Black bark.


5 per short-branches, 5-10 cm in length. Straight, rigid, with jagged edges. They grow on the tops of the twigs. The cross section of the needles is triangular.


Elongated oval pointed, red-yellow color with resin.


Unisexual. It is a plant that in the same individual has male and female flowers. The males have red-yellow color, oval Catkin. The females are rarely more every 2 (3-4) with a small stalk, form small cones. Flowering : May - June.


Cylindrical, light brown, 8-14 cm long. With short peduncle per 1-4 diverge or hanging from the branches. Carpels broad wedge, leathery, and apical hub. Maturing : in September to October of the second year of flowering. Fall of the seeds : immediately after ripening.



Length 5-8 mm. With double flap.

Biological requirements


Coniferous, more durable than all Greek pines in the shade. It needs deep fresh, silicate soils. It is resistant to frost, snow and winds. It is more demanding to moisture and soil nutrient data from the pine forest and prefers areas with high cloud cover.

Geographical spread

Montenegro, Serbia, South Bulgaria and Albania. In Greece not create forests but appear along with forest pine and beech, in Voras, in the area of Aridaia (beautiful Meadow and Upper Peternik) and Rodopi (position Tsichla)


The wood is suitable for construction timber, furniture and investments. It could be used in reforestation, for lifting the treeline in high mountains of Northern Greece with silicate rocks, and for water production.



Athanasiadis, N., Forest botany II: Trees and shrubs of forests in Greece, S. Giachoudis & SIA O.E., 1986.

Dafis, S., The forests of Greece, Goulandris Natural History Museum, 2010.

Distribution at the region