Capreolus capreolus (Roe deer)
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It is the smallest species of the family of deer. In winter it goes to lower altitudes and in summer rises higher, depending on the quantity and quality of food. The roe deer lives in a variety of forest habitats (deciduous or mixed forests with conifers) and we find it in large populations in central and northern Europe.
The roe deer is a diurnal species. To search for food, it moves mainly during morning and afternoon hours. In case of bad weather conditions (such as heavy rain and strong wind), it is protected through the dense vegetation and does not come out to feed. The roe deer can develop high speed but for a short time due to the small capacity of the lungs. It sees, hears and swims very well. It eats the leaves and twigs of shrubs of trees and thus helps to have openings in the forest and develop the low vegetation. Males have territory areas that defend them giving spectacular battles with their horns. The male roe deer have antlers that fall in autumn and grow again in late winter. In Greece, have remained small roe deer populations mainly in the mountainous regions of Continental Greece. The species is characterized vulnerable, which means that if it continues to be exterminated, it will soon face the extinction.
Valakos, S., P. Pafilis, P. Georgiakakis, G. Papamichail, P. Lyberakis, Ch. Simou and K. Taxeidis, Wild Mammals, University of Athens, 2012.
Tsounis, G., Mammals of Greece, Publishing Pergamini.