The family includes, herbaceous plants and shrubs. They have leaves alternately or opposite one another and the male-female flowers, usually in the form of rays with stamens. Fruit has much seed, the rail is fleshy seamless. Fruit: Atropa rail (2 kinds, one Greek). The most famous in northern Greece, in the forests or forested sites curbs, occurring species is A. Belladonna (Atropos the belladonna) from the privative letter a and “trepein” = severs the thread of life, ie kill, belladonna = nice lady from status of contents atropine which expands the eye pupil. Dioscourides (who investigate in detail the nature) gave the plant that name. The genus name refers to the Fate Atropos, of the Greek mythology, the rigid cutting the thread of life, suggesting the activity of the venom.
|General Description|| |
It is a perennial herbaceous tall plant, with 0,50 -1,30 m. With large oval leaves in light green color (depending on tobacco). The flowers are bell-shaped to convert a large black shiny fruit spherical shape, containing purple juice. All parts of the plant is extremely toxic. The leaves contain atropine and skopalamini who have narcotic and antispasmodic action. It is poisonous plant, pharmaceutically valuable.
Fruit has much seed, the rail is fleshy seamless.
The Atropa belladona is extremely poisonous. The high degree of toxicity occurs in all parts of the plant, especially the seeds, roots and leaves.
It is known for centuries as a poison, and also served as a source of production of some drugs such as Yoskiamini, but it is very dangerous to use unless used by skilled physicists.
The poisoning symptoms from belladonna is dry and hot mouth, flushed skin, nausea, confusion and delirium.
Homeopaths recommend belladonna for diseases that have similar symptoms. All parts of the belladonna used in homeopathic treatment. The plant pressed with juice, mixed with alcohol to dissolve.
Ganiatsas, K., Systematic Botany (spermatophytes), Thessaloniki, 1967.