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Aquila heliaca (Imperial Eagle)


Eaglet (Accipitridae)


Aetines (Accipitrinae)


Eagle (Aquila)


The Imperial Eagle is a globally threatened species and the rarest predator in the country recently stopped nesting. The European population is estimated between 320-570 pairs with a general downward trend. In our country there are regular observations Imperial Eagle in winter and during migration, but little evidence of possible nesting.

Probable Threats

The major threats to the species are shrinking habitat due to intensification of agriculture, the destruction of places nesting in lowland and foothill areas (large trees) and illegal use of poisoned baits.


This species is linked to traditional agricultural landscape of the plains, where cereal crops mixed with meadows and small natural wetlands. It feeds on small mammals (European ground squirrel, rabbits, rodents), which looks for in open areas. It nests in large trees of the lowland and foothill zone.


Akriotis T., 1995. Greek biotopes, the avifauna and its protection. In: Bonazountas M. and A. Katsaitis, Selected environmental management. Goulandris Museum of Natural History (GMNH).

Deligeorgis I., 2004. The avifauna of the northern part of the river Loudias and the effect of human activities on it. Master Thesis, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki.

S. Kazantzidis., Tsiakiris P., Dimalexis A., 2003. The avifauna in the pseudoalpine grasslands of Tzena - Pinovo Mountains (Greece) and conservation actions

In: Platis P. And Th. Papachristou (version), Proceedings of the 3rd Panhellenic Rangeland Congress, Karpenisi, 4-6 September 2002, pp. 469-476. Ministry of Rural Development and Food - Greek Range and Pasture Society.

Kominos Th., 1995. Kythira - On the way of birds. Greek Ornithological Society, Athens.